Main reasons for pain and discomfort during pregnancy

3 December, 2015 , ,

During the nine months of pregnancy, mothers-to-be experience many kinds of physical and psychological changes. From the initial changes in the first trimester, which signal the start of the mother’s pregnancy, to the more pronounced ones which occur in the second and third trimesters.

In total, there are many changes and symptoms in a very short space of time, which can result in pain and discomfort during pregnancy. Some reasons for pain and discomfort are more common that others, and it is important to understand that each pregnant woman goes through this period in her own way: while some are afflicted by nausea, others may be more prone to swelling and feeling tender in the breast area.

Despite that, it is important to understand that the reasons for pain and discomfort during pregnancy are the mere logical consequence of the maternity process: you body must prepare itself for the baby’s development and the birth. Although this pain and discomfort leads to a mother’s doubting whether a healthy baby will be born, it is important for you to be familiar with them. With that in mind, we have set out a list below with some of the most frequent reasons for pain and discomfort.

What are the main reasons for pain and discomfort during pregnancy?

  • Nausea: This is another of the most frequent reasons for pain and discomfort during the first trimester of pregnancy, although it may extend beyond that trimester in some cases. Nausea during pregnancy can be caused by psychological factors such as stress, but it can also be the result of a combination of physical changes in your body. You should eat at regular intervals although your portions should be smaller. It is also important to drink a lot of water, especially between meals.
  • Constipation: This symptom appears during pregnancy due to a hormonal change. This can have an impact on digestion, and even cause constipation during pregnancy. You should eat a lot of fruit and vegetables, as well as food with a high fibre content, in order to avoid this pain and discomfort.
  • Diarrhoea: Diarrhoea during pregnancy can also appear, especially in the first and third trimesters. It can be caused by a number of factors, not least hormonal changes and changes in the eating habits of the pregnant woman. To prevent it, you should stay hydrated and maintain a balanced diet.
  • Acidity: Acidity during pregnancy appears as a result of hormonal changes which directly affect the way in which stomach acids usually function, but also due to the pressure exerted by the uterus as it increases in size. You should eat small portions at meal times and try to chew slowly and calmly.
  • Dizziness: Dizziness usually affects pregnant women especially at the start of the pregnancy in view of the fact that your body has to adapt to the new volume of blood created to ensure that your organism is able to maintain your baby. To relieve the dizzy sensation during pregnancy you should lie down on your left side: this way, you encourage an improved blood circulation towards your heart.
  • Tender feeling in your breasts: This is one of the most prominent reasons for the pain and discomfort felt during a pregnancy, as your breasts begin to prepare for breast feeding. You should wear cotton-fabric bras without any seams or hoops, as you will find them much more comfortable.

Avoiding pain and discomfort during pregnancy: tips and advice

In this process of great change, you should have a positive attitude and try to adopt healthy habits; this will enable you to feel more comfortable during pregnancy and to put up with the symptoms in a more positive manner.

It is very important for you to respect your rest patterns: sleep and rest as and when your body dictates. Furthermore, there is no harm in doing some kind of suitable physical activity for your pregnancy, such as swimming, yoga or pilates; these exercises will also prepare your body for the birth.

It goes without saying that the diet you adopt during pregnancy is also very important. Many reasons for pain and discomfort during pregnancy are associated with the digestive system, which means that a suitable diet may help you to avoid them. Ignore the misconception that you are eating for two during pregnancy: take care of your diet more than ever by avoiding saturated fats and choosing foods that are rich in fibre.